Green Economy
Obama's Green Economy

By Ken Silverstein
EnergyBiz Insider
December 23, 2008

Is it a bail-out or a build-up? That's the question being put to federal
lawmakers right now as they try to grapple with the nation's economic woes and
with how to allocate its depleting resources.

"Modernizing our energy infrastructure is critical to our security, and that
means taking immediate action. The new Congress and President-elect Obama have a
great opportunity to get it right this year."

-- Bill Cadman, Colorado State Senator

President-elect Barack Obama says that while his administration will insist on
financial prudence, it must address the current recession head-on. In January,
he is expected to introduce an economic stimulus package that is reported to be
in the US $500 billion range. An estimated US $15 billion would be targeted
toward green energy initiatives to create or preserve millions of jobs.

To skeptics, it sounds like a giant make-work program one that would spend
billions on rebuilding the nation's infrastructure and create a massive budget
shortfall in the process. But to the president-elect and most Democrats, it is a
necessary step to not just avoid falling off the precipice but to also generate
the next-generation of jobs and those predicated on the green economy.
"My presidency will mark a new chapter in America's leadership on climate change
that will strengthen our security and create millions of new jobs in the
process," Obama said in a video. "We will invest in solar power, wind power and
next generation biofuels. We will tap nuclear power, while making sure it's
safe. And we will develop clean coal technologies."

News stories are replete with inside scoops on where else the billions would be
channeled. Pouring money into the smart grid is one place while weatherization
programs that seek to make homes more energy efficient is another. Meanwhile,
mass transit groups say that they have at least $8 billion in projects ready to go.

Obama said on numerous campaign stops that addressing global warming would
become a national priority under his administration. To reduce the associated
heat trapping emissions, a cap-and-trade program would be implemented. Under
such a regime, the government would set emissions limits and then auction
"credits" to those companies unable to meet the thresholds. That money pegged
at US $150 billion would then go to the creation of green energy technologies.

But many of his comments were made prior to economy's precipitous fall in
October. At that point, American industry became more concerned with weathering
the storm than investing in expensive technologies. The incoming administration
has subsequently acknowledged that its attention must focus initially on getting
the economy healthy and secondarily on reducing greenhouse gas emissions to 80
percent below 1990 levels by 2050 the amount that some climate scientists said
is necessary to avoid catastrophic consequences. Hence, the nation's budget
deficit will expand in the short run.

"The primary focus of the new administration will be on improving the conditions
of the domestic economy, which makes energy policy a secondary concern," says
Andrew Watt, managing director of Standard & Poor's Ratings Services. "Moreover,
funding of the plan will be problematic in this deteriorating economy that has
also seen a rapid decline in crude oil and natural gas prices."

New Possibilities

Needless-to-say, the rejuvenation of the economy and the creation of clean
technology jobs dovetail with one another. And with billions about to be doled
out for those purposes, energy-related interest groups are converging on Washington.

The Western Governor's Association, which is a non-partisan group representing
19 states, just penned a letter to President-elect Obama that says energy
efficiency and the development of alternative fuel sources must become a main
concern. That's because the U.S. Energy Information Administration projects that
by 2030 the domestic demand for electricity will rise by at least 20 percent
while the demand for petroleum and other liquid fuels will increase by 10 percent.

The ultimate goal is a low-carbon society. As such, the effort will require
bi-partisan and public-private partnerships to build more wind, solar,
geothermal, biomass and hydro facilities, the governors say. At the same time,
they caution the new administration not to neglect traditional fuel sources that
are prevalent today.

"There is no getting around it if we want to 'keep the lights on' in America,
we are going to need to build new base-load power plants, erect new high-voltage
transmission lines and increase our production of all forms of American energy,"
adds Colorado State Senator Bill Cadman, a Republican. "Modernizing our energy
infrastructure is critical to our security, and that means taking immediate
action. The new Congress and President-elect Obama have a great opportunity to
get it right this year."

Obama understands that crafting energy policy is an urgent but delicate matter.
The sheer complexity means that he must prioritize his time and efforts. And
he's made it clear that the promotion of green energy and next generation jobs
will garner his attention.

While government may provide stimulus packages and safety nets during these hard
times, it will be the private sector that finishes the job. For their part, many
utilities are waiting until conditions improve. Others, though, are searching
for new possibilities that involve investing in new forms of generation to meet
tomorrow's needs.

"We believe there remains significant investment opportunities for the industry
to implement public energy policy as renewable energy resources are built and
smart grid technology is evaluated and deployed," says David Parker, a utility
analyst with Baird & Co. "There remains opportunity to develop a more efficient
generating fleet as older generating resources are retired and replaced with
more advanced technologies."

The federal government is leveraging its goodwill. But its current and future
involvement are meant to resurrect the ailing economy and to create the
foundation for a green energy uprising. It's an issue that gets to the heart of
Obama's platform and one that will not just determine his political success but
also the nation's economic and energy futures.

Ken Silverstein is an award-winning journalist who is the editor-in-chief of
Energy Central's publication, EnergyBiz Insider. With a background in economics
and public policy, he has spent several years writing about the issues that
touch the energy and financial sectors, and his work has been published in more
than 100 periodicals.


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