| Green Jobs for California "Green" and Clean Tech Economy |
September 5, 2008
The Federal Green Jobs Act of 2007
The growing California "green" and clean tech economy make reference
to the need for more "green" collar jobs.
The author states that many recent studies by labor organizations,
academics, state agencies and environmental groups that have
analyzed the growing California "green" and clean tech economy make
reference to the need for more "green" collar jobs. Although several
state, local, federal, private and non-governmental organizations
focus on this issue, there is no coordinated and comprehensive
administrative infrastructure to facilitate the efforts of these
The Green Jobs Act of 2007 - Federal
The Green Jobs Act of 2007 authorized $125 million per year to
create the "Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Worker Training
Program" as an amendment to the Workforce Investment Act (WIA). The
Green Jobs Act (Act) is an initial pilot program to identify needed
skills, develop training programs, and train workers for jobs in a
range of industries - including energy efficient building,
construction and retrofits, renewable electric power, energy
efficient vehicles, biofuels, and manufacturing that produces
sustainable products and uses sustainable processes and materials.
It targets a broad range of populations for eligibility, but has a
special focus on creating "green pathways out of poverty."
Title X of the Energy Independence and Security Act (often referred
to as the "2007 Energy Bill")
The Green Jobs Act became Title X of the Energy Independence and
Security Act (often referred to as the "2007 Energy Bill"), which
Congress passed and the President signed in late 2007. The Program
will be administered by the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) in
consultation with the Department of Energy.
While funds were authorized for the Act, they have not yet been
appropriated by Congress. By most estimates, this means that funding
will have to be secured in the next appropriations cycle (which will
not be completed until late 2008). It is therefore possible that
funds may not be available until at least 2009. The Act authorizes
spending for five related green job programs.
The programs within the Green Jobs Act are as follows:
1 National Research Program (10 percent of total appropriation) -
The Department of Labor (DOL), acting through the Bureau of Labor
Statistics, will collect and analyze the labor market data necessary
to track workforce trends and identify the types of skills and green
jobs we need to train people for. The DOL will use this information
to provide technical assistance and capacity building to the
training partnerships described below. 10 percent of the amount
appropriated will be dedicated to this program ($12.5 million if fully funded).
2)National Energy Training Partnership Grants (30 percent) - DOL
will award competitive grants to non-profit partnerships to carry
out training that leads to economic self-sufficiency and to develop
an energy efficiency and renewable energy industries workforce. The
partnerships must include the equal participation of industry and
labor, and may include related stakeholders like local workforce
investments boards, educational institutions, and community-based
organizations. 30 percent of the amount appropriated will be
dedicated to these grants ($37.5 million if fully funded).
3)State Labor Market Research, Information, and Labor Exchange
Research Program (10 percent) - DOL will award competitive grants to
states to administer labor market and labor exchange information
programs, in coordination with the one-stop delivery system.
Activities will also include the identification of job openings; the
administration of skill and aptitude testing; and counseling, case
management, and job referrals.
4)State Energy Training Partnership Program (30 percent) - DOL will
award competitive grants to states to enable them to administer, via
the state agency that administers their employment service and
unemployment insurance programs, renewable energy and energy
efficiency workforce development programs. It will award grants to
partnerships that essentially mirror the national partnerships in their make-up.
5)Pathways Out Of Poverty Demonstration Program (20 percent) - DOL
will award competitive grants to training partnerships that serve
individuals under 200% of the federal poverty line or a locally
defined self-sufficiency standard. The partnerships must include
community-based organizations, educational institutions, industry,
and labor; demonstrate experience implementing training programs and
recruit and support participants to the successful completion of
training; and coordinate activities with the WIA system. CGS
More information on green jobs programs is found at info.sen.ca.gov