Although many of the states that have started to implement
electric utility restructuring have set up policies to help increase
the percentage of renewable energy production, only three states -
Iowa, Minnesota and Wisconsin - have mandated renewable energy
electricity production outside the restructuring process. These
state-based efforts are models for the others to consider using to
jump-start renewable energy development and begin a transition to a
more responsible energy system.
Wisconsin passed legislation in 1997 that required each eastern
Wisconsin utility to acquire renewable energy generation for an
aggregate total of 50 MW of electricity by December 31, 2000 (WI
Stats. Sec. 196.377). In 1999, the Wisconsin legislature passed a
requirement that each electricity provider in the state have a
certain percentage of renewable energy in its mix. The level starts
at 0.5 percent by the end of 2001 to 2.2 percent by the end of 2011.
The requirement can be met by direct installation or through
renewable energy credits from another electric provider (WI Stats.
Energy Mandates - Iowa
Iowa's 1983 Alternate Energy
Production law required the state's investor-owned utilities to
purchase of electricity from renewable energy projects. After
years of stalling by the utilities, Iowa is now becoming a leading
state for wind energy development. More...
Energy Mandates - Minnesota
In exchange for granting Xcel
Energy (formerly Northern States Power) increased nuclear waste
storage, the Minnesota legislature mandated that NSP build or
contract for wind and biomass power. As a result, by 2006,
Minnesota will be home to at least 825 MW of wind energy and 125
MW of biomas power generation. More...
Energy Initiative - San Francisco, CA
In November 2001,
voters in San Francisco cast their ballots in favor of becoming a
world leader in solar electricity. Seventy-three percent of voters
approved of Proposition B to allow San Francisco to issue $100
million in revenue bonds to finance enough renewable energy to
supply about 25 percent of the government's needs. If fully
implemented San Francisco will become the largest single producer
of solar energy in the U.S. More...